In , our only Souslik was joined by a pair from Edinburgh Zoo. After hibernation, in spring , we were saw the first litter born. Learn more about the European ground squirrel – with amazing European ground squirrel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Spermophilus citellus with the common name European souslik, belongs to the Mammals group.

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In preparation they eurooean build up reserves of brown fat during the late summer. Ground squirrels tend to have stout, low-slung bodies, resting upon short legs, and a well-furred tail measuring about a third the length of the body 2 3 4.

European Souslik, European Ground Squirrel

Wild goat Capra aegagrus. Arctic ground squirrel Spermophilus parryii.

Views Read Edit View history. Authentication This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. In some countries the European souslik can serve as an umbrella species for extensively used grassland habitats and associated species.

These include the weaselfoxdomestic cat and some species of birds of prey. Non-arable areas abandoned lands, pastures, meadows, etc.

European Souslik

Order Rodentia Family Sciuridae Conservation status: As a consequence of the rapid loss of suitable habitat, the population is becoming severely fragmented, whilst its range is retracting, particularly in the west 1.

Invertebrates Animals with no backbone. Following 25 days of development in the womb, the females give birth to a litter of 4 to 11 young which receive milk for around 30 days before being weaned. It is found throughout the country, in the mountains at altitudes of up to 2 m [1].


European Souslik

Monitoring is carried out at the national parks Central Balkan and Rila and in the Europeann. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spermophilus citellus.

Living species of tribe Marmotini ground squirrels.

The large dark eyes are placed high on the head and the small, rounded ears are hidden in the fur. The underside is pale with a duropean abdomen. Glossary Endemic A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area. Help us share the wonders of the natural world.

Detailed mapping of the distribution, explanation douslik the intraspecific structure [7] and assessment of the state of the numbers of local populations and their habitats.

The belly is yellow, the chin and the throat are white.

This includes a range of natural and artificial habitats such as steppe grassland, pasture, vineyards, sports fields and golf courses 1. The European ground squirrel has very specific habitat requirements. Red-veined darter Sympetrum fonscolombii. This year, the number of Imperial Eagle pairs increased by another one, and after three years without euripean change in th Common scarlet-darter Crocothemis erythraea.

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Uinta ground squirrel U. Breeding takes place in early summer when a single litter of five to eight young is borne. Also known as European souslik, European squirrel. World Association of Zoos and Aquariums November, http: They are almost entirely eropean animals. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd ed. Spermophilus citellus Linnaeus The diet of the European souslik consists primarily of plant material, including nuts, seeds, and soulsik however, individuals may also consume small invertebrates, small vertebrates, and bird’s eggs.


After a gestation period of days, a litter of young is born. The legs are powerful wouslik sharp claws well adapted for digging. Although the European ground squirrel lives in burrows in loosely structured populations, it is not an exceptionally social or territorial species 2.

European ground squirrel – Wikipedia

It occupies an important place in ecosystems, as a nutrition resource of practically all diurnal rapacious birds and predatory mammals. AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival.

Rodents of Unusual Size. Vol 15, Mammals IV. The current species range is divided in two by the Carpathian Mountains. The European souslik forms colonies of various sizes. The European souslik has lost a significant part of its habitat and has disappeared from many places within its former range.

It also makes various soft chirruping and growling noises. Citellus is 3 to 5 years.

Effective application of the Biological Diversity Act for priority preservation of its habitats by working out regional management plans in the context of the programmes for the development of rural regions and, in particular, the implementation of traditional practices for pasture animal breeding. This page was last edited on 5 Novemberat Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below.

It is a diurnal animal, living in colonies of individual burrows in pastures or grassy embankments.

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