The Central American Rattlesnake is large, it can grow up to cm, but the average adult ranges between and cm. It has a robust body, a relatively . Snake venomics of the Central American rattlesnake Crotalus simus and the South American Crotalus durissus complex points to neurotoxicity as an adaptive . Crotalus simus is a venomous pit viper species found in Mexico and Central America. The specific epithet is Latin for ‘flat-nosed’, likely because its head is blunt.

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An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Previously, untilthe description for this form was listed as the nominate subspecies for the tropical rattlesnake, C. The venom proteome of 6-week-old C.


Multiple doses may be required. Tweet Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator. Mainly semi-arid regions, xrotalus tropical forest, thorn forest, pine-oak forest, savanna and scrub.

The dorsal scales are strongly keeled and protuberant, which gives it a rough appearance. Molecular Ecology 14 4: In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.


Venom Myotoxins Secondary myotoxic activity may be present. New herpetofaunal distribution records for the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. Costa Rican snakes of the tropical dry forest.

The Rattlesnake lives in the low lands of the provinces of Guanacaste and the north of Puntarenas, where it is relatively common on the edges of forests and unperturbed areas. Treatment Summary Bites by species showing the South American rattlesnake clinical pattern are quite different from North American rattlesnake bites. The body has a rough appearance because the crotqlus scale keels are accentuated into protuberances or tuberculations.

The word tzabcan means rattlesnake in Mayan. Research Presentation Lines of research Researchers.

Crotalus simus | Instituto Clodomiro Picado

The Central American Rattlesnake is large, it can grow up to cm, but the average adult ranges between and cm. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Crotalus simus. Snakes of the World: WilliamsJeff Boundy A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol.

The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. Best viewed in x simis or higher. The following should also be noted when reading information contained within the databases on this website: Eyes are medium to moderately small in size with vertically elliptical pupils. Xrotalus will be terrified, fearing sudden death and, in this mood, they may behave irrationally or even hysterically.


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Three subspecies are recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here. Dangerousness Clinical effects uncertain, but related to medically important species, therefore major envenoming cannot be excluded. Its most relevant characteristic is the presence of a rattle.

Menu top Links of interest FAQs. Wikispecies has information related to Crotalus simus.

Contact Next to the sports park, Dulce Nombre of Coronado. It should not be assumed that humankind currently knows all there is to know about any crptalus, even for common species.

These toxin profiles correlate well with the overall biochemical and pharmacological features of venoms from adult hemorrhagic and newborn neurotoxic C.

Myotoxicity No case reports for this species, but related species can cause systemic myolysis.

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