ASTM a Test, Intergranular Corrosion, IGC, ASTM A Practice, Testing, India – Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. ASTM A Practice A test (Oxalic acid test). The oxalic acid etch test is rapid and nondestructive, but not quantitative. It is a rapid etching procedure and . Abstract. A detailed study of AISI and stainless steels (SSs) has been conducted to correlate the degree of sensitization (DOS) measured by the.

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These tests do not provide a basis for predicting resistance to forms of corrosion other than intergranular, such as general corrosion, pitting, or stress-corrosion prsctice. Please specify the maximum allowable corrosion rate and wstm available data on the sensitizing heat treatment performed. To understand intergranular corrosion testing or intergranular attack commonly abbreviated as IGC or IGAit is important to understand what causes the process to occur. If you are not sure, please contact us for assistance.

Methods for preparing the test specimens, rapid screening tests, apparatus setup and testing procedures, and calculations and report contents are described for each testing practice. Each Prwctice A Practice specification includes a list of the grades of stainless steels and the acceptable etch structures for the specific alloys.

Intergranular Attack – ASTM A – Colorado-Metallurgical-Services

The test is generally performed for acceptance of materials, but not sufficient for rejection of materials. Due to the variance of attack in different materials, numerous methods Practices B-F are used to assess intergranular corrosion.

The weight loss is calculated after each step, and reveals if the sample has been properly heat-treated. This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. All five methods within this specification involve exposing specimens to a chemical mixture designed to encourage corrosive behavior. A different ASTM A test method must be used to quantify the level of corrosion or to disqualify a material for use.

The Oxalic Acid test is also only applicable to corrosion associated with chromium carbide precipitates and is only useful for specific material grades. However, when a material is exposed to high temperatures for long periods of time, a process called sensitization may occur.

This test is used exclusively to determine corrosion in areas high in chromium carbide formations, and is not as effective for intergranular attack caused by other means. Duplicate samples from both sides of a sheet sample are evaluated to determine if carburization results in intergranular attack. Intergranular simply means that the corrosion is taking place between the grains or crystals, which is where sigma phase or chromium carbides are going to form which makes the material susceptible to IGA.


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ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that asstm contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date. The level of corrosion is determined by mass loss. This simple etching technique is used as a quick screening method to ensure that a material is free of intergranular corrosion susceptibility.

The first and fastest step is the ASTM A Practice A, a rapid same-day screening method in Oxalic acid to determine the susceptibility to intergranular corrosion. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Strauss test specimens are boiled in a Aa Sulfate – Sulfuric Acid mixture for 15 hours. In SEM analysis, intergranular corrosion is clear by the dark lines where the grain boundaries are eaten away. It is typically used for stainless alloys such as andCr-Ni-Mo stainless alloys, and nickel alloys to evaluate the intergranular attack associated with the precipitation of chromium carbides at grain boundaries.

What is your typical turnaround time? The chart below comes from the ASTM A standard for selection of the appropriate test by alloy type:.

The Huey test works well to analyze chromium depleted regions and intermetallic precipitates, such practiec sigma phase, and is also used for materials in strongly oxidizing environments such as nitric acid. Intergranular corrosion is the proper use, though the specification calls it attack, corrosion is what is taking place.

Practice A, the oxalic acid etch test is used as a rapid technique to screen samples of certain stainless steel grades to ensure they are not susceptible to intergranular attack sensitization. The Copper Sulfate Test is especially effective for determining susceptibility to intergranular attack for low carbon steels. Choosing the correct method s rely on a complete understanding of your material and processes, as well as the concept of corrosion itself.

Intergranular corrosion shows up as the dark black lines around the grain boundaries. Classification of structure then provides either acceptance or further testing required, which typically moves you to one of the next practices. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. These practices include five intergranular corrosion tests, namely: ASTM A is a x262 intergranular corrosion testing method that can quickly screen batches of material to determine corrosion susceptibility.


Practice B, also known as the Streicher test, uses weight loss analysis to provide a quantitative measure of the materials performance.

Intergranular Corrosion Testing: An Overview of ASTM A262

The samples are etched after metallographic preparation for cross-sectional examination which is thoroughly viewed with a traverse from inside to outside diameters of rods and tubes, from face to face on plates, and across all zones such as weld metal, weld-affected zones, and base plates on specimens containing welds.

For example, many low-carbon and stabilized stainless steels qstm. Please share this page: This method is a hour boiling test for “as received” specimens of practicw steel. The bent samples are examined at low magnification, where the appearance of cracks or fissures indicate intergranular attack.

ASTM A Intergranular Corrosion Testing and Analysis

Wilson Hardness Conversion Chart. Some specific hazards statements are given in Similar to the Streicher test, the Huey test method uses a nitric acid solution and subjects the specimen to five hour boiling intervals.

Please refer to the specification for more details. This specification covers the standard practices for detecting susceptibility to intergranular attack in austenitic stainless steels. The oxalic acid test is commonly used before the Strauss test to determine if a sample is susceptible; samples that pass method A will generally show low corrosion rates in the Strauss test. The Oxalic Acid test is only used to ensure that no corrosion exists; samples are labeled either “Acceptable” or “Suspect”.

In everyday applications, corrosion varies by materials and solutions. A recent publication on intergranular corrosion.

All austenitic stainless steels should meet this requirement, if proper annealing took place. For example, in q262 oxidizing solutions, intergranular attack can occur due to intermetallic phases, while attack of carbides may occur somewhat less oxidizing solutions. How do you select the right Wstm corrosion testing method for your material?

By using our website you consent to all cookies in accordance with our Cookie Policy. The test evaluates the resistance of extra-low-carbon steels to sensitization and intergranular attack from welding or heat treatment processes.

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