Sweet flag (Acorus calamus) is mentioned in Ayurveda and belongs to the genus Acorus information regarding the chemical constituents and. Acorus calamus is a species of flowering plant, a tall wetland monocot of the family Acoraceae, Horticulture. 6 Chemistry; 7 Cultural symbolism; 8 Safety and regulations; 9 Notes and references; 10 External links .. (). “Essential oil composition of Acorus calamus L. from the lower region of the Himalayas”. Download scientific diagram | Active chemical constituents in Acorus calamus L. Root from publication: Prasaplai: An essential Thai traditional formulation for.

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Two research groups have documented allelopathic activities of A. Treatment of wound in cheemical and female rats induced by an excision and incision with ethanolic extract has been found to be promising for healing. It was introduced into Western Europe and North America for medicinal purposes. The other species A. Steaming it throughout the home was thought to “kill” sickness. Previously, Wu et al.

Acorus calamus – Wikipedia

The haem peroxidase of A. The comprehensive taxonomic analysis in the Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families from considers all three forms to be distinct varieties of a single species.

Although these preliminary reports have clearly indicated the potential of A. Protection of cultured rat cortical neurons from excitotoxicity by asarone, a major essential oil component in the rhizomes contituents Acorus gramineus. Insulin releasing and alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity of ethyl acetate fraction of Acorus calamus in vitro and in vivo.


Chemical structures of some of these compounds are presented in Fig.

[Chemical constituents of Acorus calamus].

Therefore, these are high times for investigations of chemical composition and bioactivities of unexplored plants of the Acorus and devote more efforts towards understanding the mechanism of action of bioactive constituents present therein.

Novel lectins isolated from the rhizomes of A. Teton-Dakota warriors chewed the root to a paste, which they rubbed on their faces. Also, both extracts prevents convulsion-related GABAergic neuron damage in the brain in the prolonged pentylenetetrazol kindling model Liao et al.

The sweet flag can easily be distinguished from iris and other similar plants by the crimped edges of the leaves, the fragant odour it emits when crushed, and the presence of a spadix.

These substances tend to destroy some chlorophyll-A molecules thereby inhibit photosynthesis in algae. In vitro acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of the essential oil from Acorus calamus and its main constituents.

A new study reports that A. Gerard lists the Latin name as Acorus verusbut it is evident there was still doubt about its veracity: Anti-inflammatory properties of many plants species have been known for a long time. Their effects ackrus algae were dose dependent; comstituents low concentration they promoted algal growth whereas at high concentration they inhibited the algal growth He and Wang, Novel lectins from rhizomes of two Acorus species with mitogenic activity and inhibitory potential towards murine cancer cell lines.

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This study would be very useful for those conducting researches on bioactivity screening in Acorus spp.

A new insect chemosterilant isolated from Acorus calamus L. Several research chemucal have evaluated antioxidant potential of plants of Acosrus spp. Protective effect of Acorus calamus Linn. Antifungal properties of Haem peroxidase from Acorus calamus.

Mode of action of Acorus calamus L.

The protective effects of Acorus spp. Anti-inflammatory activity of a water extract of Acorus calamus L.

Several species mainly Acorus calamusA. The properties of scavenging free radical of A. Anticellular and immunosuppressive properties of ethanolic extract of Acorus calamus rhizome. The study found that ethyl acetate fraction of A. Comparatively, antimicrobial properties of Acorus spp. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals: Thus, this property of A. In Europe, constituenhs flowers for about a month in late spring or early summer, but usually does not bear fruit.

This form will never form fruit let alone seeds and can only spread asexually. However, several recently published reports on bioactive potential of the Acorus spp.

It is furthermore also cytotypically diverse, with an array of different karyotypes. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

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